We know many things about history.

However, the unknown far outweighs the known. Throughout my travels, I have come not only to embrace, but to seek out history’s mysteries. If your eyes are keen and your mind is open you can find mysteries wherever you travel.

Malta is a place where the mysteries are too numerous to count The culture is too rich to understand in just a few days. Although Malta contains hundreds of historic mysteries, seven are highlighted below for you to ponder.

The Sleeping Lady of MaltaThe Sleeping Lady of Malta

Malta’s famous Sleeping Lady was discovered on the lower floor of the Hypogeum of Hal-Safleni . She is 5,000 years old. When you stop for a moment to pause and think about that span of time, that figure is remarkable. More questions remain about the Sleeping Lady than have been answered. Does she represent death? Meditation? Sleep? Why was she created? What is her purpose? Is she an offering to the Gods? The Hypogeum of Hal-Safleni is an underground chamber and a place of deep spiritual significance. Recent evidence indicates that the underground chambers in the Hypogeum were specifically carved to achieve acoustic frequencies that induce a meditative state.

Mnajdra Equinox Tracker in MaltaThe Calendar of Mnajdra

How did a culture over 6,000 years ago track the equinoxes? We don’t know, but they left behind a snapshot of their work on a megalithic stone at the temple of Mnajdra at Qrendi. How were the equinoxes tracked and recorded? Why were they tracked? Who was in charge of tracking such events?

Mnajdra is considered one of the oldest religious sites in the world. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the only archaeological sites in Malta that is protected by a tent. I was annoyed at first. How could the views of such an amazing place were obscured by a white tent? However, upon closer examination it’s obvious that these intricate carvings would eventually disappear if left exposed to the elements of wind, water, and time.

Phoenician Face from Malta

The Phoenician Face (1500 – 300 BCE)

This face is a rare find in Malta. No one knows exactly what it was used for or what it represents. Is it a crude image of a long dead Phoenician? Is it a figurative representation of death? In the Phoenician world some images are meant to ward off death. Could this face be such an image? Or are the tightly slit eyes and mouth meant to prevent death from getting in? We will never know, but it’s fun to speculate.

Miniature limestone megalithic temple from MaltaMiniature Temple from the Hagar Qim group

This limestone sculpture is the oldest representation of a temple in the world. It is from the Hagar Qim group in Malta and dates from about 3300 BCE. We know that this tiny temple is a true architectural rendering of the some of the larger megalithic structures in Malta. What we don’t know is why it was made. Is it a kind of draft for a life-size model? Is it an offering for the Gods? Is it a child’s toy?

Venus of Malta The Venus of Malta

The Venus was discovered in the Hagar Qim temples (3300 BCE). She is from the same time period as the miniature temple above. A consensus is that these Venus figurines represent fertility. Thousands of these Venus figurines have been found all over the world. The most famous of which is the Venus of Willendorf, which dates to 25,000 BCE! We know the age of these figurines but we don’t know their purpose. Was this meant to represent the worship of a mother or fertility goddess? Was it something kept in the home? Was it used in a religious ritual?


Bronze Age Dagger from Ghar Mirdum Cave Malta Bronze and Bone Dagger (Borg in-Nadur phase 2000 BCE)

This dagger was found in an inaccessible cliff-cave below Dingli, Malta. We do know that there was a thriving Bronze-Age culture in the area. What we don’t know why they chose this cave in which to deposit their artifacts. When I first saw this dagger I imagined that it looked like something from the Trojan War.

Later I  discovered that Mycenaean pottery shards were found in the Bronze Age village where this dagger was discovered. Did my subconscious pick up the slight Mycenaean-Greek influence in the artwork of this dagger? Perhaps. Why was this dagger deposited in this cave? What is its purpose? Finally, what does the circular pattern on the hilt mean? Did the Mycenaean Greeks actually influence this design, or is that wishful thinking on my part?

Hagar Qim Group Headless Figurine of MaltaMaltese Temple Statuary

These statues raise more questions than they answer. Are they male or female? Why do they all have one hand over the abdomen? They have holes in the neck. Did they once have interchangeable heads? Hundreds of these figures have been found in Malta, all without heads. They date to the Hagar Qim period (3300 BCE) What happened to the heads? Maybe one day an archaeologist in Malta is going to discover a pit of disarticulated heads that fit all of these statues. Until then we are left wondering.

I hope that you’ve enjoyed the discussion of these unique artifacts from Malta. I can’t wait to go back for a second visit with keener eyes and uncover more mysteries of Malta.

Additional Information:

Megalithic Temples of Malta

National Museum of Archaeology Malta


  1. the sleeping lady is not an offering to the gods or death and certainly not meditation….why would they meditate?…at that time their job was to hunt food and build a shelter….the lady is a religious monument and represents fertility, life… do not ask me “how do u know?”…I am Maltese.


  2. I agree with what you said about the tents, but I think I read it was only a semi-temporary solution until they find a proper was to protect these ancient temples from wear

  3. Gary Schoenung

    Has anyone else noticed the similarities to what is being unearthed at Gobekli Tepe? There appears to have been the same type of subsurface construction there.

  4. Pingback: Malta's Neolithic Underground | Jaunting Jen

  5. I’m in the process of planning a Malta trip and this was quite useful. Thanks, Jen.

  6. Malta From a Winter’s Sky

  7. I visited the Hypogeum a couple of years ago. Such a fascinating and eerie place. A must see attraction.

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