Wartburg in Eisenach sounds like something from the Lord of the Rings, but it is a reality, not a fantasy. In 1068 Louis the Springer (1042-1123) count of Thuringia, began construction on the castle. Wartburg is unique because much of the inner castle is still intact and original, suffering neither decay nor destruction from WWII bombing. Wartburg also has a long history, Landgraves, Kings, Princes, Princesses, and Saints have walked the halls of the castle. One of the most famous guests was Martin Luther, who arrived in 1521 after he was excommunicated by the Pope. For nearly a year Martin Luther lived and worked at Wartburg in what is now known as the Luther Room. At the end of his stay, Martin Luther had translated the New Testament from the original Greek into German. Wartburg has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1999 and hosts several fairs and festivals throughout the year.